Types of Hernias
At Lone Star Surgery, we specialize in treating a variety of different issues associated with hernias, including:
An inguinal hernia occurs when soft tissue, usually part of the intestine, protrudes through a weak point or tear in your abdominal wall. The resulting bulge can be painful, especially when you cough, bend over, or lift a heavy object. Not necessarily dangerous by itself, an inguinal hernia doesn't get better or go away on its own. Inguinal hernia repair is a common surgical procedure and may be performed one of two ways.
Herniorrhaphy is an 'open' hernia repair; the surgeon makes an incision in your groin and pushes the protruding intestine back into your abdomen. Then the surgeon repairs the weakened or torn muscle by sewing it together. Often the weak area is also reinforced and supported with a synthetic mesh, a procedure called hernioplasty. After the operation, you'll be encouraged to move about as soon as possible, but it may be as long as 4-6 weeks before you're able to fully resume your normal activities.
Laparoscopic surgery is when your surgeon uses several small incisions rather than one large one. A fiber-optic tube with a tiny camera is inserted into your abdomen through one incision, and miniature instruments are inserted through the other incisions. Your surgeon performs the operation using the video camera as a guide. In laparoscopic surgery, synthetic mesh is always used to repair the hernia (hernioplasty).
A ventral hernia is normally described as a hernia, or protrusion of an organ inside the abdomen such as the intestine or the bowel. In normal circumstances, the surrounding muscles and body tissues keep an organ inside the cavity, but in the case of a ventral hernia, the protruded organ comes out through the cavity and pushes the abdominal wall. The protrusion is visible from the outside in the form of a bulge in the abdomen.
A herniorrhaphy is a surgical procedure that requires a large incision be made so that the protruding organs are placed back in their proper positions and the abdominal muscles reinforced.
Laparoscopic Ventral Hernia Repair is a surgical procedure that requires a small incision be made through which the camera and instruments are inserted and used for the operation.
A hiatal hernia occurs when part of your stomach pushes upward through your diaphragm. Your diaphragm normally has a small opening (hiatus) that allows your food tube (esophagus) to pass through on its way to connect to your stomach. The stomach can push up through this opening and cause a hiatal hernia. In most cases, a small hiatal hernia doesn't cause problems, and you may never know you have a hiatal hernia unless your doctor discovers it when checking for other conditions. But a large hiatal hernia can allow food and acid to back up into your esophagus, leading to heartburn and chest pain.
An operation for a hiatal hernia may include pulling you stomach down into your abdomen and making the opening in your diaphragm smaller, reconstructing a weak esophageal spincter, or removal of the hernia sac. In some cases, this is done using a single incision in your chest wall (thoracotomy) or abdomen (laparotomy).
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